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高考英语核心单词汇总

这些是高考中比较重要的单词

★A

ability能力; absent缺席的; abroad到国外; accept接受; achieve获得,实现; activity活动; actual实际的,真实的; advanced先进的,高级的; adventure冒险,奇遇; advantage优势; address地址; admit承认,允许进入; advertise登广告; affect影响; afford买得起; agriculture农业; announce宣布; anxious焦虑的,渴望的; apologize道歉; appearance出现,外表; appreciation感激,欣赏; arrival到达; astronaut宇航员; atmosphere大气,气氛; attempt企图,尝试; attentively专心地; attract吸引; audience听众; average平均; appetite食欲; attitude态度; ★B

balance平衡; bargain讨价还价; basically基本地,主要地; benefit利益; beyond超过; biology生物学; bitter苦的; branch分支,部门; broadcast广播,播送; breathe呼吸; behaviour行为; belief信仰,信念; ★C

camera照相机; capital首都,省会; captain队长,船长; ceiling天花板; celebrate庆祝; century世纪; chain链子;连锁; challenge挑战; channel航道, 海峡,频道; character特征; charge收费,索价; chat聊天; Christmas圣诞节; citizen公民; cigarette香烟; climate气候; coal煤炭; collar衣领; comfortably舒适地; communication通讯; competition竞赛; complete完全的,彻底的; composition作文; concert音乐会; conductor售票员,导体; confident自信的; congratulation祝贺; construction建设; continent大陆,大洲; convenient方便的; conversation交谈; cough咳嗽; course过程,课程,一道菜; courage勇气; cousin堂(表)兄弟,堂(表)姐妹; crowd人群; curtain窗帘; culture文化; curious好奇的; custom习俗; customer消费者; conclusion结论; contribution贡献; ★D

daily每日的; dangerous 危险的; decade十年; definitely明确地,肯定地; deliver投递; declare宣布; deserve应受,值得; description描述; design设计; devote专心,致力于; determine决心,决定; dialogue/dialog对话; dictionary字典; direction方向;指导; disaster灾难; disappear消失; discussion讨论; disturb 打扰; diary日记; digital数码的; download下载; dustbin垃圾箱; decrease减少; department部,局,处,科;系; dynasty王朝,朝代; ★E

economical经济的,节约的; educate教育; effective 有效的; efficient 效率高的; effort努力; electricity电; equality平等; encourage鼓励; energy能量;精力; entrance入口; envelope信封; environment环境; escape逃避; especially尤其,特别; exhibition展览会; expert专家; extremely极端地; eventually最终地;

★F

familiar熟悉的; failure失败; finger手指; flour面粉; fluently流利地; forbid禁止; foreigner外国人; forgive原谅; fortunately幸运地; freedom自由; frequent频繁的; fresh新鲜的; fruit水果; friendly友好的; fuel燃料; furniture 家具; festival节日;

★G

generation一代; generally一般地; generous慷慨的;大方的; geography地理; glove手套; government政府; graduation毕业; gradual逐渐的; grammar语法; guest客人; guide导游;

★H

habit习惯; handkerchief手帕; handwriting书法,笔迹; harvest收获; healthily健康地; height高度; honor尊敬; hunger饥饿; humourous幽默的; ★I

idiom习语; island岛; imagine想象; immediately 立即,立刻; increase 增加; income收入; industry工业,勤劳; inform通知; internet因特网; interview采访,面试; interrupt打断,打扰; inventor发明者; insurance保险; ★J

journalist记者; judge法官; justice正义,公正; junior初级的;

★K

kindergarten幼儿园; kite风筝; knowledge知识; kitchen厨房;

★L

labour劳动; lack缺乏; ladder梯子; language语言; lately最近; latter后者; lawyer律师; league联盟; lecture演讲; level水平; librarian图书管理员; local当地的; luggage行李; luckily 幸运地;

★M

magazine杂志; majority多数; market市场; marriage结婚; material原料; meanwhile同时; measure测量,尺寸; medical医学的; memory记忆力; mental精神的; menu菜单; mention提到; merry欢乐的; merely仅仅,只不过; message消息; metal金属; mirror镜子; monitor班长; monument纪念碑; mostly主要地;大部分; museum博物馆; media传媒; minority少数,少数民族; mobile移动的; motto格言; mystery神秘;

★N

narrow 狭窄的; nationality国籍; naturally自然地; neatly整洁地; necessary必要的; neighbour邻居; nephew侄子,外甥; niece侄女,外甥女; normal正常的; nowadays现在; nurse护士; nutrition营养;

★O

obey服从; object物体,反对; ocean海洋; offer提供; operation操作,做手术; opposite相反的; organize组织; overcome克服; obvious明显的; Olympic奥林匹克的; outstanding杰出的;

★P

palace宫殿; paragraph段; park停放(车); particular特别的; partner搭档; panda熊

猫; passenger乘客; patient耐心的,病人; peaceful和平的; peasant农民; performance 表演; period时期; permit允许; persuade说服; phenomenon现象; physical身体的,物理的; pillow枕头; pilot飞行员; population人口,人数; poisonous有毒的; pollution污染; position位置; practical实际的,实用的; pressure压力; precious珍贵的,宝贵的; president总统; pretend假装; program节目,项目; project工程; pronunciation发音; purpose目的,意图; potential潜力; private私人的; privilege特权;

★Q

quality质量; quantity数量; quarrel争吵; quarter四分之一; queue队,行列;

★R

raise提高,抚养; rare稀有的,罕见的; recently近来;recognize认出; record 记录; recover恢复; recycle回收,再利用; reduce减少; refuse拒绝; refer 参考,提到; regular规则的; relative相对的,亲戚; remain保持,剩下,仍然; remind提醒,使想起; remove去掉; resign辞职,放弃; request要求; research调查,研究; respect尊敬; restaurant饭馆; resource资源; review复习; responsibility责任心;

★S

safety安全; salary薪水; satisfaction满足; scene场景; scenery风景; scientific科学的; secretly 秘密地; secretary秘书; seldom很少; senior高级的,年长的; sense感觉,辨别力; serious严肃的,严峻的; service服务; separate分离,单独的; shape形状,制作; share分享,份额; sheet被单; shelf架子; shortcoming缺点; shoulder肩膀; similar类似的; situation形势; slightly轻微地; smoothly光滑地,平坦地,平稳地; society社会; spare抽出(时间、人手); spread传播; square广场; standard标准; steal偷窃; straight直的,直地; stranger陌生人; strangely奇怪地 suffer受苦,遭受; system系统; selfish自私的; sensitive敏感的; sincerely真诚地; strengthen加强; sympathy同情;

★T

task任务; technique技术; temperature温度,体温; theatre剧场,戏院; therefore因此; thief贼; thirsty渴的,缺水的; thorough彻底的; thunder雷声; title标题; tobacco烟草; toilet洗手间; traffic交通; translate翻译; traveller旅行者; trousers长裤; typical典型的; throughout贯穿,在整个……期间; tourism旅游业; traditional传统的,传说的;

★U

umbrella伞; uniform制服; union协会,联盟; university综合大学; universe宇宙; upstairs在楼上; unique唯一的,独特的;

★V

vacation假期; valley山谷;流域; value价值; variety变化,多样性; various各种各样的; vegetable蔬菜; victory胜利; villager村民; vocabulary词汇; voyage航行,航海; volunteer志愿者;

★W

waste浪费,无用的,垃圾; weather 天气; wedding婚礼; weight重量; willing愿意的; welfare福利; wonder想知道,奇观

★Y

youth青,青春;

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