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2020年中考英语必背词汇

2020年中考必背词汇(英语)

1.本表共收约1600个单词

2.本词汇表不列词组短语

3.本词汇表不列语法术语

4.部分可根据构词法推导出的副词、名词等不单列

A

a (an) art.

ability n

able a

about prep & ad.

above prep

abroad a & ad

absent a

accent n

accept v

accident n

ache n

achieve v

across prep

act n & v

action n

active a

activity n

add v

address n

advantage n

advertisement n

advice n

advise v

afford v

afraid a

after ad , prep & conj

afternoon n

again ad

against prep

age n

ago ad

agree v

agreement n

air n

airline

airplane n

airport n

alive a

all a & pron

allow v

almost ad

alone a

along ad & prep

aloud ad

already ad

also ad

although conj

always ad

America n

American a & n

among prep

ancient a

and conj

angry a

animal n

another a & pron

answer n & v

ant n

any pron & a

anybody pron

anyone pron

anything pron

anyway ad

anywhere ad

appear v

apple n

April n

area

arm n

army n

around prep & ad

arrive v

art n

article n

as ad, conj & prep

Asia n

Asian a & n

ask v

asleep a

at prep

Atlantic n & a

attention n

August n

aunt n

Australia n

Australian a & n

autumn n

available a

avoid n

awake v

away ad

B

baby n

back ad & n

background n

bad ( worse, worst) a

bag n

ball n

balloon n

bamboo n

banana n

bank n

baseball n

basic a

basket n

basketball n

bathroom n

be (is, am, are, was, were, being, been) aux v

beach n

bear? n

beat v & n

beautiful a

because conj

become (became, become) v

bed n

bedroom n

bee n

beef n

before prep, ad & conj

begin (began, begun) v

behaviour n

behind prep

believe v

bell n

below prep

beside prep

besides prep & ad

between prep

beyond prep

big a

bike =bicycle n

bill n

bird n

birth n

birthday n

biscuit n

bit n

bitter a

black a & n

blackboard n

blind a

blood n

blow (blew, blown) v

blue? n & a

board n

boat n

body n

book n

boring a

born a

borrow v

boss n

both pron & a

bottle n

bottom n

bowl n

box n

boy n

brain n

brave a

bread n

break (broke, broken) v & n

breakfast n

breath n

breathe v

bridge n

bright a

bring (brought, brought) v

brother n

brown n & a

brush v & n

build (built, built) v

building n

burn (-ed, ed/burnt, burnt) v

bus n

business n

busy a

but conj

butter n

butterfly n

buy (bought, bought) v

by prep

bye interj

C

cabbage n

cake n

call v & n

camel n

camera n

camp n & v

can modal v

Canada n

cancel v

candle n

cancer n

candy n

cap n

capital n

captain n

car n

card n

care v & n

careful a

careless a

carry v

cat n

catch (caught, caught) v

cause n & v

CD n

CD-ROM n.

ceiling n

celebrate v

cent n

centre n

century n

certain a

chair n

chairman/woman n

chalk n

chance n

change v

chant n & v

cheap a

cheat v

check n & v

cheer n & v

cheese n

chemistry n

chess n

chest n

chicken n

child (pl. children) n

China n

Chinese a & n

chocolate n

choice n

choose (chose, chosen) v

chopsticks n

Christmas n

church n

cinema n

circle n & v

city n

clap v & n

class n

classmate n

classroom n

clean a & v

clear a

clever a

climb v

clock n

clone v

close v & a

clothes n

cloud n

cloudy a

club n

coach n

coal n

coast n

coat n

coffee n

coin n

coke n

cold a & n

collect v

college n

colour (Am color) n & v

come (came, come) v

comfortable a

common a

communicate v

communication n

company n

compare v

competition n

complete a & v

composition n

computer n

concert n

condition n

conference n

connect v

consider v

continue v

control v

conversation n

cook v & n

cooker n

cool a

copy n & v

corner n

correct v & a

cost v & n

cotton n & a

cough n & v

could modal v

count v

country n

countryside n

couple n

courage n

course n

cousin n

cover n & v

cow n

crayon n

crazy a

create v

cross v & n

cruel a

cry n & v

culture n

cup n

cut (cut, cut) v & n

D

dad (daddy) n

daily a, ad & n

dance v & n

danger n

dangerous a

dare v & aux v

dark a & n

date n

daughter n

day n

dead a

deaf a

deal v

dear a

death n

December n

decide v

decision n

deep a & ad

degree n

delicious a

dentist n

depend v

describe v

desk n

develop v

development n

dialogue (Am dialog) n

diary n

dictionary n

die v

difference n

different a

difficult a

difficulty n

dig (dug, dug) v

dinner n

direct a & v

direction n

director n

dirty a

discover v

discovery n

discuss v

discussion n

disease n

dish n

dismiss v

disturb v

divide v

do (did, done) v

doctor n

dog n

doll n

dollar n

door n

double a & n

doubt n & v

down ad & prep

downstairs ad

dozen n

draw (drew, drawn) v

drawer n

dream (-ed, -ed/dreamt, dreamt) v & n

dress n & v

drink (drank, drunk) v & n

drive (drove, driven) v

driver n

drop n & v

drug n

drum n

dry v & a

duck n

dumpling n

during prep

duty n

DVD n

E

each a & pron

ear n

early a & ad

earth n

east n, a & ad

easy a

eat (ate, eaten) v

edge n

education n

effort n

egg n

eight num

eighteen num

eighth num

eighty num

either a , conj & ad

elder a

electric a

elephant n

eleven num

else a

e-mail n & v

empty a

encourage v

end n & v

enemy n

energy n

engineer n

England n

English n & a

enjoy v

enough a & ad

enter v

environment n

eraser n

especially ad

Europe n

European a & n

even ad

evening n

ever ad

every a

everybody pron

everyday a

everyone pron

everything pron

everywhere ad

exam =examination n

examine v

example n

excellent a

except prep

excite v

excuse n & v

exercise v & n

expect v

expensive a

experience n

experiment n

explain v

express v

eye n

F

face n & v

fact n

factory n

fail v

fair a

fall (fell, fallen) v

family n

famous a

fan n

fantastic a

far(farther, farthest/further, furthest) a & ad

farm n

farmer n

fast a & ad

fat a

father n

favourite (Am favorite) a & n

fear n

February n

feed (fed, fed) v

feel (felt, felt) v

feeling n

festival n

fetch v

fever n

few pron & a

field n

fifth num

fifty num

fight (fought, fought ) v & n

fill v

film n

final a

find (found, found) v

fine a

finger n

finish v

fire n

first num, a & ad

fish n

fisherman n

fit a & v

five num

fix v

flag n

flat n

floor n

flower n

flu n

fly1 (flew, flown) v

fly2 n

follow v

food n

foot (pl. feet) n

football n

for prep

force v

foreign a

foreigner n

forest n

forget (forgot, forgot) v

fork n

form n

forty num

forward ad

four num

fourteen num

fourth num

fox n

free a

freeze (froze, frozen) v

fresh a

Friday n

fridge (=refrigerator) n

friend n

friendly a

friendship n

frog n

from prep

front a & n

fruit n

full a

fun n

funny a

furniture n

future n

G

game n

garden n

gate n

general a

gentleman n

geography n

gesture n

get (got, got) v

gift n

giraffe n

girl n

give (gave, given) v

glad a

glass n

glove n

go (went, gone) v

goat n

god n

gold n & a

golden a

good ( better, best) a

goodbye (bye-bye) interj

goose (pl. geese) n

government n

grade n

grammar n

grandchild n

granddaughter n

grandma = grandmother n

grandpa = grandfather n

grandparent n

grandson n

granny n

grape n

grass n

great a

green a & n

greeting n

ground n

group n

grow (grew, grown) v

guard n

guess v

guest n

guitar n

gun n

gym = gymnasium n

H

habit n

hair n

half a & n

hall n

ham n

hamburger n

hand n

handbag n

handsome a

handwriting n

hang (hung, hung) v

happen v

happy a

hard ad & a

hardly ad

hat n

hate v & n

have ( has, had, had) v

he pron

head n

headache n

health n

healthy a

hear (heard, heard) v

heart n

heat n

heaven n

heavy a

height n

hello (hi) interj

help v & n

helpful a

hen n

her pron

here ad

hero n

herself pron

hide (hid, hidden) v

high a

hill n

him pron

himself pron

his pron

history n

hit (hit, hit ) v

hobby n

hold (held, held) v

hole n

holiday n

home n & ad

hometown n

homework n

honest a

honour (Am honor) n & v

hope n & v

horse n

hospital n

hot a

hotdog n

hotel n

hour n

house n

housework n

how ad

however ad & conj

huge a

human a & n

humorous a

hundred num

hungry a

hurry v

hurt (hurt,hurt) v

husband n

I

I pron

ice n

ice-cream n

idea n

if conj

ill a

illness n

imagine v

immediately ad

important a

impossible a

improve v

in prep

inch n

include v

increase v & n

India n

Indian a & n

industry n

influence n

information n

ink n

inside prep

insist v

instead ad

instruction n

intention n

interest n

interesting a

international n

Internet n

interview n & v

into prep

introduce v

introduction n

invent v

invention n

invite v

iron n & v

island n

it prop.

its pron

itself pron

J

jacket n

January n

Japan n

Japanese n & a

jeans n

job n

join v

joke n & v

joy n

juice n

July n

jump v

June n

just a & ad

K

keep (kept, kept) v

key n

keyboard n

kick v & n

kid n

kill v

kilo = kilogram n

kilometre n

kind1 a

kind2 n

king n

kiss n & v

kitchen n

kite n

knee n

knife (pl. knives) n

knock v & n

know (knew, known) v

knowledge n

L

lab = laboratory n

labour (Am labor) n

lady n

lake n

lamb n

lamp n

land n & v

language n

large a

last? a & v

late a & ad

laugh n & v

law n

lay (laid, laid) v

lazy a

lead (led, led) v

leader n

leaf (pl. leaves) n

learn (learnt, learnt) v

least n

leave (left, left) v

left a & n

leg n

lemonade n

lend (lent, lent) v

lesson n

let (let, let) v

letter n

level n

library n

license n

lie1 (lay, lain) v

lie2 v & n

life n

lift v

light n, v & a

like v & prep

line n

lion n

list n & v

listen v

little a

litter (less, least) v & n

live v

lively a

lock n & v

London n

lonely a

long a

look v & n

lose (lost, lost) v

lot n

loud a

love v & n

lovely a

low a & ad

luck n

lucky a

lunch n

M

machine n

mad a

madam = madame n

magazine n

magic a

mail n

main a

make (made, made) v

man (pl. men) n

manage v

manager n

many ( more, most) pron & a

map n

March n

mark n & v

market n

marriage n

marry v

master v & n

match v & n

math(s) = mathematics n

may modal v

May n

maybe ad

me pron

meal n

mean (meant, meant) v

meaning n

meat n

medical a

medicine n

meet (met, met) v

meeting n

member n

memory n

mend v

mention n & v

message n

menu n

me

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