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词根词缀记忆法:如何通过英语单词的词根判断词性?

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名词后缀

常见的此类后缀及其具体含义如下:

1.-ster,-eer,-er(or)意为:从事某种职业或参与某种活动的人

例词:gamester,gangster,songster,engineer,profiteer,mountaineer,auctioneer,

2.-let意为:小或者不重要的东西

例词:booklet小册子,leaflet小叶、嫩叶,starlet

3.-ette意为:1)小的东西

例词:cigarette

2)假的东西

例词:leatherette

3)女性

例词:usherette

4.-ess意为:女性

例词:actress,poetess,hostess,paintress

5.-hood意为:时期

例词:boyhood,childhood,manhood

6.-ship意为:才能,状态,资格,品质等

例词:leadership,friendship,membership,lectureship,sportsmanship

7.-ful意为:量

例词:cupful,handful,mouthful,spoonful

8.-tion,-ion意为:1)状态,行动等

例词:action,oppression,possession,education,starva-tion

2)机构等

例词:organization,foundation

9.-ment意为:状态,行动等

词:movement,enslavement,pavement

10.-al意为:动作

例词:arrival,refusal,revival,recital,removal

11.-age意为:程度,数量等

例词:wastage,coverage,acreage,shrinkage,breakage,hostage

12.-ness;-ity(ty)意为:状态,品质

例词:happiness,usefulness,selfishness,kindness,rapidity,activity,sanity,changeability

13.-ism意为:道义,主义,学说等

例词:idealism,impressionism,absenteeism,racism

动词后缀

常见的此类后缀及其具体含义如下:

1.-ify意为:转为,变为

例词:beautify,diversify,simplify

2.-ize;-en意为:使……,变得……

例词:modernize,popularize,legalize,hospitalize,symbolize,ripen,widen,heighten,

3.-ate意为:增加,使……

例词:originate,hydrogenate,validate,differentiate

形容词后缀

常见的此类后缀及其具体含义如下:

1.-ful意为:充满,有

例词:useful,pitiful,hopeful,helpful,forgetful,thankful,fearful

2.-less意为:没有,无

例词:speechless,childless,harmless,hopeless,meaningless

3.-ly意为:有……品质的

例词:beastly,manly,brotherly,friendly

4.-like意为:像……的

例词:childlike,statesmanlike,tiger-like

5.-y;-ish意为:像……一般的

例词:meaty,sandy,silky,hairy,leafy,watery,foolish,girlish,blackish,thinnish

6.-some意为:像……一样的;引起……的;有……品质的

例词:troublesome,burdensome,wholesome,tiresome,bothersome

7.-able(ible)意为:能……的;可以……的

词:changeable,readable,drinkable,comfortable,expansible,convincible

8.-ed意为:有……的

例词:wooded,pointed,moneyed,odd-shaped

9.-al意为:有……属性的,……类型

例词:cultural,personal,regional,musical

10.-ary(ory)意为:属于……的,与……相连的

例词:revolutionary,imaginary,contradictory

11.-ous意为:富含……的;有……品质的;像……的

例词:glorious,erroneous,malicious,gracious

12.-ic(ical)意为:……类的;属于……的

例词:historic,historical,methodic,methodical,dramatic,heroic

13.-ive意为:有……属性的;有某种倾向的

例词:attractive,talkative,restrictive,defensive,preventive,constructive,sensitive

副词后缀

常见的此类后缀及其具体含义如下:

1.-ly意为:以……方式

例词:happily,boldly,attentive-ly,strangely

2.-ward(s)意为:表示方式或动作的方向

例词:onward(s),backward(s),earthward(s),homeward(s),eastward(s)

3.-wise意为:1)按照……方式

例词:crabwise,clockwise

2)就……而言

例词:weatherwise,educationwise

 

词根词缀记忆法:什么是英语词根?

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什么是英语词根?

词根(root)是基本构词的基本词素,与词缀相对并携带主要词汇信息。

英语单词构成有其规律,很好的掌握了构词规律,才可以很好、很快的、准确的记忆单词。英语单词构词法的核心部分,在于词根,词的意义主要是由组成单词的词根体现出来的。

词根可以单独构成词,也可以彼此组合成词,通过前缀后缀来改变单词的词性和意义。(词根和词缀叫构词语素)也就是说,单词一般由三部分组成:词根、前缀和后缀。词根决定单词意思,前缀改变单词词义,后缀决定单词词性。

一个英语单词可以分为三个部分:前缀(prefix),词根(stem)及后缀(suffix)。单词中位于词根前面的部分就是前缀。前缀,可以改变单词的意思。

常见的前缀有如下几类:

第一类:表示正负(或增减)的,如:un-in-im-il-ir-non-mis-mal-dis-anti-de-under-re-over-等;

第二类表示尺寸的,如:semi-equi-mini-micro-macro-mega-等;

第三类表示位置关系,如:inter-super-trans-ex-extra-sub-infra-peri-等;

第四类表示时间和次序,如:ante-pre-prime-post-retro-等;

第五类表示数字,如:semi-mono-bi-tri-quad-penta-hex-sept(em)-oct-dec-multi-等;

其它类别,如:pro-auto-co-con-等。

英语单词分类

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常见的英语单词分类

关于服装,家庭,职业,表情,学科,季节,星期,文具,运动,公共场所,各种房间,身体部位,性格印象,日常用品,常见疾病,形状代码,颜色,月份,方向,位置,天气,水果,蔬菜,食物,饮料,动物这一类的单词

服装:tailored suit 女式西服

everyday clothes 便服

three-piece suit 三件套

trousseau 嫁妆

layette 婴儿的全套服装

uniform 制服

overalls 工装裤

rompers 连背心的背带裤

formal dress 礼服

tailcoat, morning coat 大礼服

evening dress 夜礼服

dress coat, tails 燕尾服,礼服

nightshirt 男式晚礼服

dinner jacket 无尾礼服 (美作:tuxedo)

full dress uniform 礼服制服

frock coat 双排扣长礼服

gown, robe 礼袍

tunic 长袍

overcoat 男式大衣

coat 女大衣

topcoat 夹大衣

fur coat 皮大衣

three-quarter coat 中长大衣

dust coat 风衣

mantle, cloak 斗篷

poncho 篷却(南美人的一种斗篷)

sheepskin jacket 羊皮夹克

pelisse 皮上衣

jacket 短外衣夹克

anorak, duffle coat 带兜帽的夹克,带风帽的粗呢大衣

hood 风帽

scarf, muffler 围巾

shawl 大披巾

knitted shawl 头巾,编织的头巾

fur stole 毛皮长围巾

muff 皮手筒

housecoat, dressing gown 晨衣 (美作:duster)

short dressing gown 短晨衣

bathrobe 浴衣

家庭:family 家庭

marriage 婚姻

spouse 配偶

couple 夫妻

parents 父母

child 孩子

single 单身者

male 男的

female 女的

husband 丈夫

wife 妻子

father 父亲

mother 母亲

son 儿子

daughter 女儿

grandchildren 孙辈

grandson 孙子,外孙

granddaughter 孙女,外孙女

brother 兄弟

sister 姐妹

twin 双胞胎的

grandfather 祖父

grandmother 祖母

granny 奶奶,外婆

grandma 奶奶,外婆

grandpa 爷爷,外公

great-grandfather 曾祖父

great-grandmother 曾祖母

son-in-law 女婿

daughter-in-law 儿媳

father-in-law 岳父(公公)

mother-in-law 岳母(婆婆)

sister-in-law 妯娌

stepfather 继父

stepmother 继母

stepson 继子

stepdaughter 继女

stepbrother 异父(母)之兄弟

stepsister 异父(母)之姐妹

foster father 养父

foster mother 养母

adopted son 养子

adopted daughter 养女

uncle 叔父,伯父,舅父,姑父

aunt 婶母,伯母,舅母,姑母

nephew 侄儿,外甥

niece 侄女,外甥女

cousin 堂兄妹,

职业:accountant—会计

bank teller–银行出纳员

bank manager–银行经理 monk–和尚

nun–修女

priest–牧师

actor–演员

actress — 女演员

dancer–舞蹈演员

director– 导演

disc jockey (D.J.)–电台的音乐节目主持人

master of ceremonies (M.C.)– 节目主持人,司仪

model– 模特儿

producer– 电影制片人

singer–歌手

stage hand–置景工 dentist–牙医

doctor–医生

nurse–护士

pediatrician–儿科医师

physician–内科医师

physician\’s assistant (P.A.)–内科医师助理

psychiatrist–精神病医师

psychologist–心理学者

surgeon–外科医生

veterinarian–兽医

baggage handler–行李管理者

copilot–副驾驶员

customs officer–海关官员

flight attendant–飞机上的服务员

navigator– 航海家

pilot– 飞行员

ticket taker– 收票员

travel agent– 旅行社 architect–建筑师

civil engineer–土木工程师

firefighter–消防人员

police officer–警官

politician–政客

postal worker–邮政工人

sanitation engineer–(美委婉语)垃圾清洁工

baker–面包师

bartender–酒吧招待,酒吧侍者

bus boy–餐厅侍者助手

butcher– 屠宰商 [美]小贩

表情happy快乐的

sad悲伤的

angry 生气的

scared害怕的

frightened恐惧的

confused迷惑不解的

embarrassed尴尬的

shy害羞的

nervous紧张的

calm冷静的

excited兴奋的

thrilled极度兴奋地

sleepy困乏的

stunned愕然的

shocked震惊的

surprised惊奇的

amazed惊喜的

blushing脸红的

shivery颤抖的

resentful怨恨的

distant 冷漠的

wistful 渴望的

vacant茫然的

wan惨淡的

funereal阴森的

guilty心虚的

droll古怪的

faraway心神恍惚的

unmeaning毫无表情的

speaking富于表情的

hangdog羞愧的

学科:mathematics 数学 arts 文科

science 理科 history 历史

geometry 几何 geography 地理

geology 地质学 biology 生物

chemistry 化学 physics 物理

literature 文学 sociology 社会学

philosophy 哲学 psychology 心理学

engineering 工程学 medicine 医学

agriculture 农学 astronomy 天文学

economics 经济学 politics 政治学

law 法学 finance 财政学

architecture 建筑学

季节:一、春:

1、春雨:Spring Rain

2、春分:vernal equinox

3、清明:clear and bright

4、惊蛰:excited insects

5、春风:spring breeze

二、夏:

1、夏令营:summer camp

2、连衣裙:one-piece dress

3、电风扇:electric fan

4、空调:air conditioner

5、西瓜:watermelon

三、秋:

1、秋分:the autumnal equinox

2、秋播:fall seeding

3、秋海棠:elephant’s-ear

4、秋菜:autumn vegetable

5、秋千:swing

四、冬:

1、雪花:snowflake

2、滑雪:skiing

3、溜冰:ice-skating

4、冰棍:forzen sucker

5、雪雕:Snow sculpture

星期:一月 January

二月 February

三月 March

四月 April

五月 May

六月 June

七月 July

八月 august

九月 September

十月 October

十一月November

十二月December

星期日 Sunday

星期一 Monday

星期二 Tuesday

星期三 Wednesday

星期四 Thursday

星期五 Friday

星期六 Saturday

文具:blackboard 黑板

(a piece of) chalk 粉笔

slate pencil 石板笔

wall map 挂图

skeleton map 轮廓图,示意图

globe 地球仪

text book 课本

dictionary 词典

encyclopedia 百科全书

atlas 地图集

exercise book 练习本

rough not book 草稿本 (美作:scribbling pad)

blotting paper 吸墨纸

tracing paper 描图纸

squared paper, graph paper 坐标纸

运动:跳水 diving

马球 polo

水球 water polo

垒球 softball

网球 tennis

赛艇 canoe

冲浪 surfing

羽毛球 badminton

跑步running

自行车cycling

滑雪skiing

体操 gymnastics

游泳 swimming

击剑 fencing

举重 weightlifting

棒球 baseball

篮球 basketball

排球 volleyball

乒乓球 table tennis

足球 soccer

田径 track and field

手球 handball

公共场所:park, hospital, museum, market, restaurant

各种房间:living room, kitchen, bathroom,study

身体部位:elbow, knee, leg, arm, stomach

性格印象:optimistic,pessimistic, careful, fathful,energetic,responsible, realistic, logical

日常用品:soap, towel, toothbrush, toothpaste, fork, chopstick,

常见疾病:fever, ulcer, headache, indigestion, flu, stomachache

形状尺码:round, oval-shaped, square, triangle,

颜色:red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet, purple, brown, balck, white, gray, pink,

月份:January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December,

方向:left, tight,

位置:front, back, above, below,

天气:sunny, cloudy, snowy, rainy, foggy, typhooon, tsunami,tornado

水果:guave, watermelon, pear, banana,tomato, mango, kiwi, melon, strawberry, peach, grape, lemon, pineapple, apple, passion fruit

蔬菜:muchroom, asparagus, celery, chestnut, cucumber, eggplant, ginger, onion, corn, pea, pepper,

食物:staak, sandwich, soup, pizza, pasta, cake, hamburger, ham, bread,

饮料:soda, juice, beer, white wine, red wine, milk, tea, soy milk,

动物:dog, cat, goldfish, bear, deer, camel, dolphin, lion, monkey, panda,tiger, sheep, turtle, fox, penguin, rabbit,

2020年中考英语必背词汇

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2020年中考必背词汇(英语)

1.本表共收约1600个单词

2.本词汇表不列词组短语

3.本词汇表不列语法术语

4.部分可根据构词法推导出的副词、名词等不单列

A

a (an) art.

ability n

able a

about prep & ad.

above prep

abroad a & ad

absent a

accent n

accept v

accident n

ache n

achieve v

across prep

act n & v

action n

active a

activity n

add v

address n

advantage n

advertisement n

advice n

advise v

afford v

afraid a

after ad , prep & conj

afternoon n

again ad

against prep

age n

ago ad

agree v

agreement n

air n

airline

airplane n

airport n

alive a

all a & pron

allow v

almost ad

alone a

along ad & prep

aloud ad

already ad

also ad

although conj

always ad

America n

American a & n

among prep

ancient a

and conj

angry a

animal n

another a & pron

answer n & v

ant n

any pron & a

anybody pron

anyone pron

anything pron

anyway ad

anywhere ad

appear v

apple n

April n

area

arm n

army n

around prep & ad

arrive v

art n

article n

as ad, conj & prep

Asia n

Asian a & n

ask v

asleep a

at prep

Atlantic n & a

attention n

August n

aunt n

Australia n

Australian a & n

autumn n

available a

avoid n

awake v

away ad

B

baby n

back ad & n

background n

bad ( worse, worst) a

bag n

ball n

balloon n

bamboo n

banana n

bank n

baseball n

basic a

basket n

basketball n

bathroom n

be (is, am, are, was, were, being, been) aux v

beach n

bear? n

beat v & n

beautiful a

because conj

become (became, become) v

bed n

bedroom n

bee n

beef n

before prep, ad & conj

begin (began, begun) v

behaviour n

behind prep

believe v

bell n

below prep

beside prep

besides prep & ad

between prep

beyond prep

big a

bike =bicycle n

bill n

bird n

birth n

birthday n

biscuit n

bit n

bitter a

black a & n

blackboard n

blind a

blood n

blow (blew, blown) v

blue? n & a

board n

boat n

body n

book n

boring a

born a

borrow v

boss n

both pron & a

bottle n

bottom n

bowl n

box n

boy n

brain n

brave a

bread n

break (broke, broken) v & n

breakfast n

breath n

breathe v

bridge n

bright a

bring (brought, brought) v

brother n

brown n & a

brush v & n

build (built, built) v

building n

burn (-ed, ed/burnt, burnt) v

bus n

business n

busy a

but conj

butter n

butterfly n

buy (bought, bought) v

by prep

bye interj

C

cabbage n

cake n

call v & n

camel n

camera n

camp n & v

can modal v

Canada n

cancel v

candle n

cancer n

candy n

cap n

capital n

captain n

car n

card n

care v & n

careful a

careless a

carry v

cat n

catch (caught, caught) v

cause n & v

CD n

CD-ROM n.

ceiling n

celebrate v

cent n

centre n

century n

certain a

chair n

chairman/woman n

chalk n

chance n

change v

chant n & v

cheap a

cheat v

check n & v

cheer n & v

cheese n

chemistry n

chess n

chest n

chicken n

child (pl. children) n

China n

Chinese a & n

chocolate n

choice n

choose (chose, chosen) v

chopsticks n

Christmas n

church n

cinema n

circle n & v

city n

clap v & n

class n

classmate n

classroom n

clean a & v

clear a

clever a

climb v

clock n

clone v

close v & a

clothes n

cloud n

cloudy a

club n

coach n

coal n

coast n

coat n

coffee n

coin n

coke n

cold a & n

collect v

college n

colour (Am color) n & v

come (came, come) v

comfortable a

common a

communicate v

communication n

company n

compare v

competition n

complete a & v

composition n

computer n

concert n

condition n

conference n

connect v

consider v

continue v

control v

conversation n

cook v & n

cooker n

cool a

copy n & v

corner n

correct v & a

cost v & n

cotton n & a

cough n & v

could modal v

count v

country n

countryside n

couple n

courage n

course n

cousin n

cover n & v

cow n

crayon n

crazy a

create v

cross v & n

cruel a

cry n & v

culture n

cup n

cut (cut, cut) v & n

D

dad (daddy) n

daily a, ad & n

dance v & n

danger n

dangerous a

dare v & aux v

dark a & n

date n

daughter n

day n

dead a

deaf a

deal v

dear a

death n

December n

decide v

decision n

deep a & ad

degree n

delicious a

dentist n

depend v

describe v

desk n

develop v

development n

dialogue (Am dialog) n

diary n

dictionary n

die v

difference n

different a

difficult a

difficulty n

dig (dug, dug) v

dinner n

direct a & v

direction n

director n

dirty a

discover v

discovery n

discuss v

discussion n

disease n

dish n

dismiss v

disturb v

divide v

do (did, done) v

doctor n

dog n

doll n

dollar n

door n

double a & n

doubt n & v

down ad & prep

downstairs ad

dozen n

draw (drew, drawn) v

drawer n

dream (-ed, -ed/dreamt, dreamt) v & n

dress n & v

drink (drank, drunk) v & n

drive (drove, driven) v

driver n

drop n & v

drug n

drum n

dry v & a

duck n

dumpling n

during prep

duty n

DVD n

E

each a & pron

ear n

early a & ad

earth n

east n, a & ad

easy a

eat (ate, eaten) v

edge n

education n

effort n

egg n

eight num

eighteen num

eighth num

eighty num

either a , conj & ad

elder a

electric a

elephant n

eleven num

else a

e-mail n & v

empty a

encourage v

end n & v

enemy n

energy n

engineer n

England n

English n & a

enjoy v

enough a & ad

enter v

environment n

eraser n

especially ad

Europe n

European a & n

even ad

evening n

ever ad

every a

everybody pron

everyday a

everyone pron

everything pron

everywhere ad

exam =examination n

examine v

example n

excellent a

except prep

excite v

excuse n & v

exercise v & n

expect v

expensive a

experience n

experiment n

explain v

express v

eye n

F

face n & v

fact n

factory n

fail v

fair a

fall (fell, fallen) v

family n

famous a

fan n

fantastic a

far(farther, farthest/further, furthest) a & ad

farm n

farmer n

fast a & ad

fat a

father n

favourite (Am favorite) a & n

fear n

February n

feed (fed, fed) v

feel (felt, felt) v

feeling n

festival n

fetch v

fever n

few pron & a

field n

fifth num

fifty num

fight (fought, fought ) v & n

fill v

film n

final a

find (found, found) v

fine a

finger n

finish v

fire n

first num, a & ad

fish n

fisherman n

fit a & v

five num

fix v

flag n

flat n

floor n

flower n

flu n

fly1 (flew, flown) v

fly2 n

follow v

food n

foot (pl. feet) n

football n

for prep

force v

foreign a

foreigner n

forest n

forget (forgot, forgot) v

fork n

form n

forty num

forward ad

four num

fourteen num

fourth num

fox n

free a

freeze (froze, frozen) v

fresh a

Friday n

fridge (=refrigerator) n

friend n

friendly a

friendship n

frog n

from prep

front a & n

fruit n

full a

fun n

funny a

furniture n

future n

G

game n

garden n

gate n

general a

gentleman n

geography n

gesture n

get (got, got) v

gift n

giraffe n

girl n

give (gave, given) v

glad a

glass n

glove n

go (went, gone) v

goat n

god n

gold n & a

golden a

good ( better, best) a

goodbye (bye-bye) interj

goose (pl. geese) n

government n

grade n

grammar n

grandchild n

granddaughter n

grandma = grandmother n

grandpa = grandfather n

grandparent n

grandson n

granny n

grape n

grass n

great a

green a & n

greeting n

ground n

group n

grow (grew, grown) v

guard n

guess v

guest n

guitar n

gun n

gym = gymnasium n

H

habit n

hair n

half a & n

hall n

ham n

hamburger n

hand n

handbag n

handsome a

handwriting n

hang (hung, hung) v

happen v

happy a

hard ad & a

hardly ad

hat n

hate v & n

have ( has, had, had) v

he pron

head n

headache n

health n

healthy a

hear (heard, heard) v

heart n

heat n

heaven n

heavy a

height n

hello (hi) interj

help v & n

helpful a

hen n

her pron

here ad

hero n

herself pron

hide (hid, hidden) v

high a

hill n

him pron

himself pron

his pron

history n

hit (hit, hit ) v

hobby n

hold (held, held) v

hole n

holiday n

home n & ad

hometown n

homework n

honest a

honour (Am honor) n & v

hope n & v

horse n

hospital n

hot a

hotdog n

hotel n

hour n

house n

housework n

how ad

however ad & conj

huge a

human a & n

humorous a

hundred num

hungry a

hurry v

hurt (hurt,hurt) v

husband n

I

I pron

ice n

ice-cream n

idea n

if conj

ill a

illness n

imagine v

immediately ad

important a

impossible a

improve v

in prep

inch n

include v

increase v & n

India n

Indian a & n

industry n

influence n

information n

ink n

inside prep

insist v

instead ad

instruction n

intention n

interest n

interesting a

international n

Internet n

interview n & v

into prep

introduce v

introduction n

invent v

invention n

invite v

iron n & v

island n

it prop.

its pron

itself pron

J

jacket n

January n

Japan n

Japanese n & a

jeans n

job n

join v

joke n & v

joy n

juice n

July n

jump v

June n

just a & ad

K

keep (kept, kept) v

key n

keyboard n

kick v & n

kid n

kill v

kilo = kilogram n

kilometre n

kind1 a

kind2 n

king n

kiss n & v

kitchen n

kite n

knee n

knife (pl. knives) n

knock v & n

know (knew, known) v

knowledge n

L

lab = laboratory n

labour (Am labor) n

lady n

lake n

lamb n

lamp n

land n & v

language n

large a

last? a & v

late a & ad

laugh n & v

law n

lay (laid, laid) v

lazy a

lead (led, led) v

leader n

leaf (pl. leaves) n

learn (learnt, learnt) v

least n

leave (left, left) v

left a & n

leg n

lemonade n

lend (lent, lent) v

lesson n

let (let, let) v

letter n

level n

library n

license n

lie1 (lay, lain) v

lie2 v & n

life n

lift v

light n, v & a

like v & prep

line n

lion n

list n & v

listen v

little a

litter (less, least) v & n

live v

lively a

lock n & v

London n

lonely a

long a

look v & n

lose (lost, lost) v

lot n

loud a

love v & n

lovely a

low a & ad

luck n

lucky a

lunch n

M

machine n

mad a

madam = madame n

magazine n

magic a

mail n

main a

make (made, made) v

man (pl. men) n

manage v

manager n

many ( more, most) pron & a

map n

March n

mark n & v

market n

marriage n

marry v

master v & n

match v & n

math(s) = mathematics n

may modal v

May n

maybe ad

me pron

meal n

mean (meant, meant) v

meaning n

meat n

medical a

medicine n

meet (met, met) v

meeting n

member n

memory n

mend v

mention n & v

message n

menu n

me

小学生需掌握有关动物的英语单词

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小学中关于动物的英语单词

cat 猫英 [kæt] 美 [kæt] 、dog 狗英 [dɒɡ] 美 [dɔːɡ]、pig 猪英 [pɪɡ] 美 [pɪɡ]、duck 鸭英 [dʌk] 美 [dʌk] 、rabbit 兔英 [‘ræbɪt] 美 [‘ræbɪt]、horse 马英 [hɔːs] 美 [hɔːrs]、elephant 大象英 [‘elɪfənt] 美 [‘elɪfənt] 。

ant 蚂蚁英 [ænt] 美 [ænt]、fish 鱼英 [fɪʃ] 美 [fɪʃ] 、bird 鸟英 [bɜːd] 美 [bɜːrd] 、eagle 鹰英 [‘iːɡl] 美 [‘iːɡl] 、beaver 海狸英 [‘biːvə(r)] 美 [‘biːvər]、snake 蛇英 [sneɪk] 美 [sneɪk] 、mouse 老鼠英 [maʊs] 美 [maʊs] 、squirrel 松鼠英 [‘skwɪrəl] 美 [‘skwɜːrəl] ,等等。

向左转|向右转

扩展资料:

单词解析:

一、cat

1、读音:英 [kæt] 美 [kæt]

2、翻译:

n. 猫;猫科动物;狠毒的女人;吊锚机;独桅船;九尾鞭

v. 起锚;寻找性伴侣

3、例句:

The cat lapped up the milk.

猫舔食牛奶。

二、dog

1、读音:英 [dɒɡ] 美 [dɔːɡ]

2、翻译:

n. 狗;家伙;卑鄙的人;没用的东西

vt. (灾难等)缠住;跟踪

3、例句:

The dog kept a vigilant guard over the house.

这只狗警惕地守护着这所房屋。

三、bird

1、读音:英 [bɜːd] 美 [bɜːrd]

2、翻译:n. 鸟;禽

3、例句:

That bird tried to peck me.

那只鸟想啄我。

四、snake

1、读音:英 [sneɪk] 美 [sneɪk]

2、翻译:

n. 蛇;狡诈的人

v. 蜿蜒;拖曳

3、例句:

The snake coiled itself around the tree.

蛇盘绕在树上。

五、ant

1、读音:英 [ænt] 美 [ænt]

2、翻译:n. 蚂蚁

3、例句:

Afterwards I allowed an ant to visit them.

我于是让一只蚂蚁去接近它们。

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暮夏浅眠

来自百度知道认证团队 2019-01-17

小学中关于动物的英语单词有:tiger老虎、mouse老鼠、dog狗、cat猫、chicken小鸡

一、tiger

1、音标:英 [ˈtaɪgə(r)] 美 [ˈtaɪɡɚ]

2、释义:n.老虎;各种猫科动物;凶恶的人,虎狼之徒

例句:With the capture of the escaped tiger, everyone felt relieved.

逃出来的老虎被捕获后,大家都松了一口气。

向左转|向右转

二、mouse

1、音标:英 [maʊs] 美 [maʊs]

2、释义:

(1)n.鼠标;老鼠;羞怯[胆小]的人;[非正式用语] 眼部青肿

例句:Use your mouse to drag the pictures to their new size.

用鼠标拖动图片,将其调整为新的尺寸

(2)vi.捕鼠;窥探,偷偷地寻找

例句:Mouse You should know the type of mouse that you

havesuch as PS/ 2, serial, or USB.

捕鼠你应该知道你有-像是PS/、载或万用串列总线的鼠标的型态。

三、dog

1、音标:英 [dɒg] 美 [dɔ:g]

2、释义:

(1)n.狗;蹩脚货;丑女人;卑鄙小人

例句:My brother had a lovely dog.

I looked after him for about a week.

我哥哥有一只可爱的狗。我照看了它约一周。

(2)v.困扰;跟踪

例句:The Adaptive Control System of Dog Scissors

具有自适应的跟踪剪控制系统

四、cat

1、音标:英 [kæt] 美 [kæt]

2、释义:

(1)n.猫;猫科动物;狠毒的女人;爵士乐爱好者

例句:My cat hissed when I stepped on its tail

我的猫被我踩到尾巴时,嘶地惨叫了一声。

(2)vt.把(锚)吊放在锚架上;〈俚〉寻欢,宿娼

五、chicken

1、音标:英 [ˈtʃɪkɪn] 美 [ˈtʃɪkən]

2、释义:

(1)n.鸡;鸡肉;胆小鬼;懦夫

例句:I personally would rather roast a chicken whole.

我个人更愿意烤整只鸡。

(2)adj.胆怯的;幼小的;胆小的

例句:I’m scared of the dark. I’m a big chicken.

我怕黑,是个十足的胆小鬼。

(3)vi.以畏缩的方式去做,失去勇气;在最后一刻因胆怯而退出了

例句:Often she will chicken out? C she will not go out alone at night.

她总是胆小,她晚上总是不敢自己出去的。

中考前怎么熟记英语单词

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把没有记住的单词继续放到第二天的计划中,这样天天坚持,就会看到成效。这个方法好比用筛子过滤沙砾,虽然漏掉的是大多数,但剩下的却是精华。要在短时间内背出大量的单词,必须“以量取胜”,持之以恒。

词根词缀法:

这个方法基于英语单词构词法,靠分解单词来记忆。每个英语单词都可以分解成一个核心词根,和前缀后缀。例如在view(看法、景色)这个单词的基础上,加上表示“再一次”的前缀re,就是“复习”的意思;加上表示“人物”的后缀er,就有“观众、探视器”等的意思。

这是一种比较高效率的记忆方法,认识一个词缀就会帮助你认识很多单词,做到举一反三。但前提是,你必须先学习和掌握一定的词根、词缀的意义。

循环往复法:

把所要背的单词分组,比如每组100个,共50组。第一天,背第一组的100个;第二天不要急着前行,先用比前一天快一倍的速度把第一组的单词过一遍,然后再看第二组的单词;几天以后再复习第一天的单词,以此类推。

这样做虽然可能影响背单词的进度,但能有效地巩固所学的内容,以“滚雪球”的方式加深记忆。

小学英语单词

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英语三年级(上册)四会单词

Unit 1

pen 钢笔 pencil 铅笔 pencil-case 铅笔盒 ruler 尺子 eraser 橡皮 crayon 蜡笔book 书 bag 书包 sharpener 卷笔刀 school 学校

Unit 2

head 头face 脸nose 鼻子mouth 嘴eye 眼睛ear 耳朵arm 胳膊finger 手指 leg腿foot 脚body 身体

Unit3

red 红色的yellow 黄色的green 绿色的blue 蓝色的 purple 紫色的white 白色的black 黑色的orange 橙色的pink 粉色的brown 棕色的

Unit 4

cat 猫dog 狗monkey 猴子panda 熊猫rabbit 兔子duck 鸭子pig 猪bird 鸟bear 熊elephant 大象mouse 老鼠squirrel 松鼠

Unit 5

cake 蛋糕bread 面包hot dog 热狗hamburger 汉堡包chicken 鸡肉

French fries 榨薯条Coke 可乐juice 果汁milk 牛奶water 水tea 茶coffee 咖啡

Unit 6

one 一two 二three 三four 四five 五six 六seven 七eight 八

nine 九ten 十doll 玩具娃娃boat 小船ball 球kite 风筝

balloon 气球car 小汽车plane 飞机

PEP英语三年级(下册)三会单词

Unit 1

boy 男孩 girl 女孩teacher 教师student 学生this 这个my 我的friend 朋友I’m=I am 我是nice 好的;愉快的good morning 早上好good afternoon 下午好meet 遇见;碰见goodbye 再见too 也;太

Unit 2

father 父亲;爸爸dad 爸爸(口语)mother 母亲;妈妈mom 妈妈(口语)man男人woman 女人grandmother (外)祖母

grandma (口语)(外)祖母grandfather (外)祖父

grandpa (口语)(外)祖父sister 姐妹brother 兄弟

let’s=let us 让我们great 太好了really 真地;确切地and 和;并且how 多么;怎么样

Unit 3

eleven 十一twelve 十二thirteen 十三fourteen 十四fifteen 十五sixteen 十六seventeen 十七eighteen 十八nineteen 十九twenty 二十how many 多少can 能够;可以look at 看;瞧

Unit 4

peach 桃pear 梨orange 橙子watermelon 西瓜apple 苹果

banana 香蕉strawberry 草莓grape 葡萄like 喜欢some 一些;某些thanks 多谢

Unit 5

bus 公共汽车bike 自行车taxi 出租车jeep 吉普车desk 课桌

chair 椅子walkman 随身听lamp 台灯your 你的;你们的

zoo 动物园

Unit 6

small 小的big 大的long 长的short 短的;矮的tall 高的

giraffe 长颈鹿deer 鹿

PEP四年级上册四会单词词汇表

Unit 1

Window(窗户) board(板) light(灯) picture(图片) door(门) floor(地板) classroom (教室) computer(电脑) teacher’desk(讲台) wall(墙) fan(扇子)

Unit 2

bag(包) pencil(铅笔) pen(钢笔) book (书) ruler(尺子) pencil-case(铅笔盒)

Unit 3

teacher(教师) student(学生) boy(男孩) girl(女孩) friend(朋友)

Unit 4

home(家) room(房间) school(学校) classroom(教室)

window(窗户) desk(课桌;书桌) door(门) chair(椅子) bed(床)

Unit 5

rice(米饭) beef(牛肉) bread(面包) milk(牛奶) egg(蛋)

water(水) chicken(鸡肉) fish(鱼)

Unit 6

sister(姐妹) brother(兄弟) father(父亲;爸爸) mother(母亲;妈妈)

driver(司机) doctor(医生) farmer(农民) nurse(护士)

PEP四年级下册四会单词词汇表

Unit 1

computer(计算机) board(写字板) fan(风扇) light(灯)

this(这;这个) is(是)my(我的) that(那;那个) your(你的)

teacher’s desk(讲台) picture(图画;照片) wall(墙壁) floor(地板) yes(是;是的) it(它)

Unit 2

one(一) two(二) three(三) four(四) five(五) six(六) seven(七) eight(八) nine(九) ten(十) what(什么) time(时间)

it’s=it is …o’clock(…点钟) math(数学) Chinese(语文) English(英语) P.E.(体育) music(音乐) for(为;给) class(课程)

Unit 3

jacket(夹克衫) shirt(衬衫) skirt(裙子) dress(连衣裙)

T-shirt(T恤衫) red(红色的) blue(蓝色的) yellow(黄色的)

green(绿色的) white(白色的) no(不;不是) not(不;不是的) colour(颜色)

Unit 4

warm(暖和的) cold(寒冷的) cool(凉爽的) today(今天)

jeans(牛仔裤) pants(长裤) socks(袜子) shoes(鞋子) let’s=let us play(玩;踢) football(足球) snowy(下雪的) sunny(晴朗的)

Unit 5

how much(多少钱) big(大的) small(小的) long(长的) short(短的) apple(苹果) banana(香蕉) pear(梨) orange(橙子) watermelon(西瓜) are(是) they 它(他、她)们

Unit 6

horse(马) aren’t=are not cat(猫) rabbit(兔子) pig(猪) duck(鸭子) dog(狗) eleven(十一) twelve(十二) thirteen(十三) fifteen(十五) twenty(二十) how many(多少) there(那儿;那里)

PEP五年级上册四会单词词汇表

Unit 1

Young (年轻的) funny (滑稽可笑的) tall (高的)

strong (强壮的) kind (和蔼的;亲切的) old (年老的)

short (矮的)thin (瘦的) Mr (先生)

like (像;喜欢) strict (严格的) smart (聪明的;巧妙的) active (积极的;活跃的) quiet (安静的;文静的)

very (很;非常) but (但是)

Unit 2

Monday (星期一) Tuesday (星期二) Wednesday (星期三)

Thursday (星期四) Friday (星期五) Saturday (星期六)

Sunday (星期天) day (天;日子) have (有;吃)

on (在…..时候) do homework (做作业)

watch TV (看电视) read books (读书)

Unit 3

eggplant (茄子) fish (鱼) green beans (青豆) tofu (豆腐) potato (土豆) tomato (西红柿) for (为;给)

lunch (中餐;午饭) we (我们) tasty (好吃的)

sweet (甜的) sour (酸的) fresh (新鲜的)salty (咸的)

favourite (最喜爱的;特别喜爱的) they are (他们是)

fruit (水果) grape (葡萄)

Unit 4

Cook the meals (倒垃圾) water the flowers (浇花)

sweep the floor (扫地) clean the bedroom (打扫卧室)

make the bed (铺床) set the table (摆饭桌)

wash the clothes (洗碗碟) do the dishes (收拾衣服)

use a computer (使用计算机)

Unit 5

curtain (空调) trash bin (垃圾箱) closet (壁橱)

mirror (镜子) end table (床头柜) bedroom (卧室)

kitchen (厨房) bathroom (卫生间) living room (客厅)

in (在…里面) on (在…上面) under (在…下面)

near (在..旁边) behind (在…后边) clothes (衣服)

Unit 6

river (河流) flower (花) grass (草) lake (湖泊)

forest (森林) path (路) park (公园) picture (照片)

house (房子) bridge (桥) tree (树) road (公路)

building (建筑物) clean (干净的)

PEP五年级下册四会单词词汇表

Unit 1

do morning exercises(晨练) eat breakfast(吃早饭)

have English class(上英语课) play sports(进行体育运动)

eat dinner(吃晚饭) when(什么时候) evening(夜晚;晚上)

get up(起床) at(在…点钟) usually(通常;一般)

noon(中午) climb mountains(爬山)

go shopping(购物;买东西)

play the piano(弹钢琴) visit grandparents(看望祖父母)

go hiking(去远足) weekend(周末) often(经常)

sometimes(有时候)

Unit 2

spring(春天) summer(夏天) fall(秋天) winter(冬天)

season季节) which(哪一个) best(最;极) swim(游泳)

fly kites(放风筝) skate(滑冰;滑冰鞋)

make a snowman(堆雪人) plant trees(种树) why(为什么) because(因为) sleep(睡觉)

Unit 3

Jan./January(一月) Feb./February(二月)Mar./March(三月)

Apr./April(四月) May(五月) June(六月)

July(七月) Aug./August(八月) Sept./September(九月)Oct./October(十月) Nov./November(十一月)

Dec./December(十二月) birthday(生日)

uncle(叔叔;舅舅) her(她的) date(日期)

Unit 4

aw pictures(画画)cook dinner(做饭) read a book(看书)

answer the phone(接电话) listen to music9(听音乐)

clean the room(打扫房间) write a letter(写信)

write an e-mail(写电子邮件) mom(妈妈)grandpa(爷爷;外公)study(书房)

Unit 5

fly(飞) jump(跳) walk(走) run(跑) swim(游泳)

kangaroo(袋鼠) sleep(睡觉) climb(往上爬) fight(打架)

swing(荡;荡秋千) drink water(喝水)

Unit 6

take pictures(照相) watch insects(观察昆虫)

pick up leaves(采摘树叶) do an experiment(做实验)

catch butterfly(捉蝴蝶) honey(蜂蜜) count insects(数昆虫)

collect leaves(收集树叶) write a report(写报告)

play chess(下棋)have a picnic(举行野餐)

PEP六年级上册四会单词词汇表

Unit 1

by (经,乘) foot(脚) bike(自行车) bus(公共汽车) train(火车) how(怎样) go to school(上学) traffic(交通)

traffic light(交通灯) traffic rule(交通规则) stop(停,停车站)wait(等待) get to(到达)

Unit 2

library(图书馆) post office(邮局) hospital(医院) cinema(电影院) turn(转弯) bookstore(书店) where(在哪里,到哪里) please(请) next to(与…相邻) right (右边) left(左边) straight(成直线地) then (然后)

Unit 3

next week(下周) this morning(今天上午) this afternoon(今天下午)

this evening (今天晚上) comic book(漫画书) post card(明信片) newspaper(报纸) buy(购买)

Unit 4

hobby(爱好) ride a bike–riding a bike(骑自行车) dive–diving(跳水)

play the violin—playing the violin(拉小提琴)

make kites—making kites(制作风筝)

collect stamps—collecting stamps(集邮) live –lives(居住) teach–teaches(教) go–goes(去) watch–watches(看) read–reads(读,看) does doesn’t=does not

Unit 5

singer(歌唱家,歌手) writer(作家) actor(男演员) actress(女演员) artist(画家) TV reporter(电视台记者) engineer(工程师) accountant(会计) policeman(男警察) salesperson(销售员)

cleaner(清洁工) where(在哪里,到哪里) work(工作)

Unit 6

rain(雨) cloud (云) sun(太阳) stream(河,溪) come from(来自,从…来) seed(种子) soil(土壤) sprout (苗,芽) plant(植物,种植) should (应该) then(然后)

PEP六年级下册四会单词词汇表

Unit 1

tall—taller更高的 short—shorter 更矮的 strong—stronger 更强壮的 old—older 年龄更大的 young—younger 更年轻的

big—bigger 更大的 heavy—heavier 更重的 long—longer 更长的 thin—thinner 更瘦的 small—smaller (体型)更小的

Unit 2

have a fever 发烧 have a sore throat喉咙疼 have a cold感冒

have a toothache 牙疼 have a headache 头疼

matter事情,麻烦 sore 疼的 hurt疼痛 nose 鼻子

tired疲劳的,累的 excited兴奋的 angry生气的 happy高兴的 bored无聊的,烦人的 sad 忧伤的,悲伤的

Unit 3

watch—watched 看 wash—washed 洗 clean—cleaned打扫

play—played玩 visit—visited 看望 do—did

last weekend 上一个周末 go—went去

go to a park—went to a park 去公园

go swimming—went swimming去游泳

go fishing—went fishing去钓鱼 read—read 读

go hiking—went hiking 去远足

Unit 4

learn Chinese—learned Chinese学汉语

sing and dance—sang and danced 唱歌和跳舞

eat good food—ate good food吃好吃的食物

take pictures—took pictures 照相 climb—climbed 爬 have—had buy presents—bought presents买礼物 row a boat—rowed a boat 划船 see elephant—saw elephant 看大象 go skiing—went skiing 去滑雪 go ice-skating—went ice-skating 去滑冰 how怎么,如何 get—got 到达 last 上一个的,仅余的,留在最后的

小学英语人名翻译

男:Mike(迈克) 女:Chen Jie(陈洁)

Wu Yifan(吴一帆) Amy(艾米)

John(约翰) Sarah(萨拉)

Zhang Peng(张鹏) Liu Yun(刘芸)

Nick(尼克) Lisa(莉萨)

Pete(皮特) Mary(玛丽)

Tom(汤姆) Ann(安)

Mr Black(布莱克先生) Miss White(怀特小姐)

高考英语核心单词汇总

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这些是高考中比较重要的单词

★A

ability能力; absent缺席的; abroad到国外; accept接受; achieve获得,实现; activity活动; actual实际的,真实的; advanced先进的,高级的; adventure冒险,奇遇; advantage优势; address地址; admit承认,允许进入; advertise登广告; affect影响; afford买得起; agriculture农业; announce宣布; anxious焦虑的,渴望的; apologize道歉; appearance出现,外表; appreciation感激,欣赏; arrival到达; astronaut宇航员; atmosphere大气,气氛; attempt企图,尝试; attentively专心地; attract吸引; audience听众; average平均; appetite食欲; attitude态度; ★B

balance平衡; bargain讨价还价; basically基本地,主要地; benefit利益; beyond超过; biology生物学; bitter苦的; branch分支,部门; broadcast广播,播送; breathe呼吸; behaviour行为; belief信仰,信念; ★C

camera照相机; capital首都,省会; captain队长,船长; ceiling天花板; celebrate庆祝; century世纪; chain链子;连锁; challenge挑战; channel航道, 海峡,频道; character特征; charge收费,索价; chat聊天; Christmas圣诞节; citizen公民; cigarette香烟; climate气候; coal煤炭; collar衣领; comfortably舒适地; communication通讯; competition竞赛; complete完全的,彻底的; composition作文; concert音乐会; conductor售票员,导体; confident自信的; congratulation祝贺; construction建设; continent大陆,大洲; convenient方便的; conversation交谈; cough咳嗽; course过程,课程,一道菜; courage勇气; cousin堂(表)兄弟,堂(表)姐妹; crowd人群; curtain窗帘; culture文化; curious好奇的; custom习俗; customer消费者; conclusion结论; contribution贡献; ★D

daily每日的; dangerous 危险的; decade十年; definitely明确地,肯定地; deliver投递; declare宣布; deserve应受,值得; description描述; design设计; devote专心,致力于; determine决心,决定; dialogue/dialog对话; dictionary字典; direction方向;指导; disaster灾难; disappear消失; discussion讨论; disturb 打扰; diary日记; digital数码的; download下载; dustbin垃圾箱; decrease减少; department部,局,处,科;系; dynasty王朝,朝代; ★E

economical经济的,节约的; educate教育; effective 有效的; efficient 效率高的; effort努力; electricity电; equality平等; encourage鼓励; energy能量;精力; entrance入口; envelope信封; environment环境; escape逃避; especially尤其,特别; exhibition展览会; expert专家; extremely极端地; eventually最终地;

★F

familiar熟悉的; failure失败; finger手指; flour面粉; fluently流利地; forbid禁止; foreigner外国人; forgive原谅; fortunately幸运地; freedom自由; frequent频繁的; fresh新鲜的; fruit水果; friendly友好的; fuel燃料; furniture 家具; festival节日;

★G

generation一代; generally一般地; generous慷慨的;大方的; geography地理; glove手套; government政府; graduation毕业; gradual逐渐的; grammar语法; guest客人; guide导游;

★H

habit习惯; handkerchief手帕; handwriting书法,笔迹; harvest收获; healthily健康地; height高度; honor尊敬; hunger饥饿; humourous幽默的; ★I

idiom习语; island岛; imagine想象; immediately 立即,立刻; increase 增加; income收入; industry工业,勤劳; inform通知; internet因特网; interview采访,面试; interrupt打断,打扰; inventor发明者; insurance保险; ★J

journalist记者; judge法官; justice正义,公正; junior初级的;

★K

kindergarten幼儿园; kite风筝; knowledge知识; kitchen厨房;

★L

labour劳动; lack缺乏; ladder梯子; language语言; lately最近; latter后者; lawyer律师; league联盟; lecture演讲; level水平; librarian图书管理员; local当地的; luggage行李; luckily 幸运地;

★M

magazine杂志; majority多数; market市场; marriage结婚; material原料; meanwhile同时; measure测量,尺寸; medical医学的; memory记忆力; mental精神的; menu菜单; mention提到; merry欢乐的; merely仅仅,只不过; message消息; metal金属; mirror镜子; monitor班长; monument纪念碑; mostly主要地;大部分; museum博物馆; media传媒; minority少数,少数民族; mobile移动的; motto格言; mystery神秘;

★N

narrow 狭窄的; nationality国籍; naturally自然地; neatly整洁地; necessary必要的; neighbour邻居; nephew侄子,外甥; niece侄女,外甥女; normal正常的; nowadays现在; nurse护士; nutrition营养;

★O

obey服从; object物体,反对; ocean海洋; offer提供; operation操作,做手术; opposite相反的; organize组织; overcome克服; obvious明显的; Olympic奥林匹克的; outstanding杰出的;

★P

palace宫殿; paragraph段; park停放(车); particular特别的; partner搭档; panda熊

猫; passenger乘客; patient耐心的,病人; peaceful和平的; peasant农民; performance 表演; period时期; permit允许; persuade说服; phenomenon现象; physical身体的,物理的; pillow枕头; pilot飞行员; population人口,人数; poisonous有毒的; pollution污染; position位置; practical实际的,实用的; pressure压力; precious珍贵的,宝贵的; president总统; pretend假装; program节目,项目; project工程; pronunciation发音; purpose目的,意图; potential潜力; private私人的; privilege特权;

★Q

quality质量; quantity数量; quarrel争吵; quarter四分之一; queue队,行列;

★R

raise提高,抚养; rare稀有的,罕见的; recently近来;recognize认出; record 记录; recover恢复; recycle回收,再利用; reduce减少; refuse拒绝; refer 参考,提到; regular规则的; relative相对的,亲戚; remain保持,剩下,仍然; remind提醒,使想起; remove去掉; resign辞职,放弃; request要求; research调查,研究; respect尊敬; restaurant饭馆; resource资源; review复习; responsibility责任心;

★S

safety安全; salary薪水; satisfaction满足; scene场景; scenery风景; scientific科学的; secretly 秘密地; secretary秘书; seldom很少; senior高级的,年长的; sense感觉,辨别力; serious严肃的,严峻的; service服务; separate分离,单独的; shape形状,制作; share分享,份额; sheet被单; shelf架子; shortcoming缺点; shoulder肩膀; similar类似的; situation形势; slightly轻微地; smoothly光滑地,平坦地,平稳地; society社会; spare抽出(时间、人手); spread传播; square广场; standard标准; steal偷窃; straight直的,直地; stranger陌生人; strangely奇怪地 suffer受苦,遭受; system系统; selfish自私的; sensitive敏感的; sincerely真诚地; strengthen加强; sympathy同情;

★T

task任务; technique技术; temperature温度,体温; theatre剧场,戏院; therefore因此; thief贼; thirsty渴的,缺水的; thorough彻底的; thunder雷声; title标题; tobacco烟草; toilet洗手间; traffic交通; translate翻译; traveller旅行者; trousers长裤; typical典型的; throughout贯穿,在整个……期间; tourism旅游业; traditional传统的,传说的;

★U

umbrella伞; uniform制服; union协会,联盟; university综合大学; universe宇宙; upstairs在楼上; unique唯一的,独特的;

★V

vacation假期; valley山谷;流域; value价值; variety变化,多样性; various各种各样的; vegetable蔬菜; victory胜利; villager村民; vocabulary词汇; voyage航行,航海; volunteer志愿者;

★W

waste浪费,无用的,垃圾; weather 天气; wedding婚礼; weight重量; willing愿意的; welfare福利; wonder想知道,奇观

★Y

youth青,青春;

按照艾宾浩斯记忆曲线来背单词

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按照遗忘曲线来背单词,求系统的记忆方法

一、 复习点的确定(根据艾宾浩斯记忆曲线制定):

1. 第一个记忆周期:5分钟

2. 第二个记忆周期:30分钟

3. 第三个记忆周期:12小时

4. 第四个记忆周期:1天

5. 第五个记忆周期:2天

6. 第六个记忆周期:4天

7. 第七个记忆周期:7天

8. 第八个记忆周期:15天

二、背诵方法:

1. 初记单词时需要记忆的内容(音形意):

a)单词的中文释义 (第一遍只需要记住意思就行)

b)单词的读音读音拼写在第二遍以后再考虑)

c)单词的拼写

2. 每天的具体背诵过程(每天按两课,每课通常五个单元,每单元十个词):

a) 背完一单元十个词(大约5分钟),立即返回该单元第一个单词复习该单元(大约几十秒)

b) 按上面方法背完1~5单元(大约在30分钟),回到本课第一个单词复习全课(两三分钟)

c) 按上面同样方法背完6~10单元,也就是当天要背的第二课结束

d) 相当于每个课被分为五个小的单元(每单元十个),每个小的单元自成一个复习系统;

每5个小单元组成一个大单元,也就是一课,这是一个完整的复习系统。

背一课总共需要一到两个小时左右的时间,

所以每天背新词的时间不超过两个小时(开始的12天)。

3. 复习过程:

a) 复习方法:用一张电话卡遮住中文/英文释义,尽力回忆该单词对应的意思,

几遍下来都记不住的单词可以做记号重点记忆,或用专门的本子记录。

b) 复习一课所需的时间应在15分钟以内,2课在25~35分钟之间

c) 当天内容最好在中午前背完,大约12小时之后(最好晚上睡觉前)复习当天新背的

d) 在其后的1,2,4,8,15天后分别复习当日所背的2课

4. 注意事项:

a) 每天连续背诵2课,并完成复习任务;

b) 复习永远比记新词重要,要反复高频率的复习,复习,再复习;

c) 一天都不能间断,坚持挺过这26天,之后每天都要花大约1小时复习;

d) 第8天到第12天这五天是最艰苦的,一定要这黎明前的黑暗中坚持住,风雨过后是彩虹;

e) 背单词过程中,要勤于思考,比较,联想,使用等等,尽量做到主动的去背,结合做题;

三、具体时间流程(阴影右边的内容是复习内容)

复习点的确定

人的记忆周期分为短期记忆和长期记忆两种。

第一个记忆周期是5分钟。

第二个记忆周期是30分钟

第三个记忆周期是12个小时

这三个记忆周期属于短期记忆的范畴。

下面是几个比较重要的周期。

第四个记忆周期是1 天

第五个记忆周期是2 天

第六个记忆周期是4 天

第七个记忆周期是7 天

第八个记忆周期是15天

第九个记忆周期是30天

第十个记忆周期是60天

以上的10个周期被应用于笔者的背词法,作为一个大的背词的循环的10个复习点, 可以最大程度的提高 背单词的效率

中考英语单词

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这里的词汇量只的是单纯的词汇量 也就是说 不包括短语了

所以 初中毕业应该有1600个左右 高中毕业 应该有3500个左右 这里指单纯的课本学习

如果你还读一些课外读物 或额外背单词

应该可以了 一张中考试卷大约2000~3000词汇

轻松英语学习英语真轻松